Forty-year-old Parveen Akhter is the founder and Managing Director of Glamour Boutique House and Training Centre, the only small factory run by a woman in Jessore, a small town in the southwestern region of Bangladesh. The 4,000 square feet-factory produces textile and clothing and employs 52 women.
For Akhter, this is not a small win. Twelve years ago, when she first had the idea to start a small business from her home, she had no access to capital and was just coming out of an abusive relationship.
When Akhter was in the ninth grade, she was kidnapped and forcefully married. She lived in a slum with her kidnapper (husband), who was addicted to drugs and abused her. Often, she was the only one working, having taught herself tailoring, embroidery and beauty services. With two sons to raise and no one to help her, Akhter stayed in the marriage for 17 years until the threats and beatings got worse.
The year 2007 was a turning point for Akhter. Her son, 16-year-old at the time, intervened while her husband was about to hit her again and took her to the court to file for divorce. Akhter came back from the court and put up a sign in front her house that said, “Glamour Boutique House and Training Centre”. She started teaching tailoring, batik (a traditional fabric design), and embroidery to women in the neighbourhood and sold some of her products from her home. Later, she rented a space to set up her small factory.
Akhter found much-needed support through the “Inclusive and Equitable Local Development Programme (IELD)”, a multi-country joint initiative of UNCDF, UNDP and UN Women and funded by the Government of Sweden. The programme facilitates women’s access to the labour market and entrepreneurial ventures by fostering local public and private investments in women-led enterprises and small businesses that benefit women as well as their communities.
Through the joint programme, Akhter was able to get a loan of 25,00,000 BDT [USD 29,578] to upgrade her business.
“At that time, I had small machineries. The IELD Programme managers heard my story and asked what I needed if I wanted to expand. I said, I needed different and more kinds of machine. With the support of IELD, I started my factory in full swing in 2016,” says Akhter.
Today, Parveen Akhter is proud of her accomplishments. “Through this initiative, I have not only changed my own life, but I’m able to help other women earn an income as well,” she says. “Dreams are what we are made of and my dream is to make my factory bigger.”
She has also been able to create a safe working environment with flexible shifts for her majority-female workforce.
“I even offer 4-hour shifts for homemakers and students so that they can come here after they finish their work at home, or after classes. Some of them are even more educated than I am!”.
Mussamad Nafiza, 35, was trained by Parveen Akhter to run a beauty parlour and now helps her manage the accounts and the tailoring centre at the Glamour Boutique House. Currently there are 20 young women who come to learn tailoring at the centre.
“The biggest change in my life since I joined [Glamour Boutique House] is that I am financially independent. Earlier my family had to feed me, now I can feed my family,” says Nafiza. “Most people who come here, they end up doing something for themselves. I too want to own a business such as this, just like Parveen apa (sister).”.
One of the takeaways from the programme has been that engaging women as workers and entrepreneurs is often not enough to have a transformative impact.
“What’s needed in parallel, is commitment from men within the community and from local governments, to break the social and cultural norms that create persistent barriers,” said Shoko Ishikawa, UN Women Representative in Bangladesh.
“That’s why, at the beginning of any project activities in an area, the programme delivers gender equality training and sensitization sessions for the entire community, including for local administration.
When women can access the skills and resources that they need to build their own enterprises, their success spills over generations. The Glamour Boutique House is a small but powerful reminder of this for the entire community of Jessore.